Emerald gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Emerald gemstone
Emerald (ismagard, smaragd, green ice, bright green transparent beryl, igmerald) is a precious stone, which is generally considered to be the best precious stones (they are also called first-order stones), such as all known rubies, diamonds and sapphires. Emeralds also belong to beryl (namely, bright green transparent beryl - this is the emerald).
His emerald received the name from the Persian word "zumrundi" ("zummurud"), which means "green".
In ancient Egypt, emeralds were called smaragdami or smaragdosami (although originally the Egyptians referred to all green stones as Smaragdos). In some countries the word "smaragd" is more often used than "emerald", for example, in Germany. And the Indians of Colombia called the emerald "green ice".
Emerald is not in vain recognized as one of the best stones. Some high quality stones cost even more than diamonds of the same size.
However, there are some controversial questions about the emerald. So, for example, in green emerald is most often obliged to compounds of chromium. But the Ural emeralds are painted green (more precisely, grassy green) because of iron ions, and Colombian emeralds (using world fame) contain vanadium impurities, which give these emeralds a dark green color. However, these scientific disputes are more interesting to gemologists and jewelers, and buyers do not really care what kind of impurities the emerald owes its color.
Some emeralds, like the best diamonds, even got their names (see Famous Precious Stones). One of the most famous (though not the largest) is the "emerald Kokovina" (now extinct). The weight of the non-cut stone was half a kilogram. Known and so-called imaginary "emerald Kokovina" weighing 2 kilograms (now in St. Petersburg), but this stone was of lower quality than the real emerald Kokovina. Also known as the "Neron Emerald", and, according to legend, Nero admired the conflagration of Rome precisely through his emerald. Another famous stone was named "Emerald Goddess" (he was worshiped by the Indians of Peru), which, according to legend, was defeated by the Incas themselves, so that the "Goddess" did not fall into the hands of the Spanish conquistadors.
The largest emerald was found in Brazil and its weight is as much as 7.5 kilograms. The second largest stone was found in Africa, and weighed this stone 4.8 kg.
However, be careful, now mankind has learned to grow artificial emeralds, which got their own name - igmerald (the name is formed from the words "smaragd" and "emerald"). Igmeraldi still have differences from real emeralds, but it's quite difficult for an ordinary person to find them.
And further. There is a special step-cut facet, the so-called "emerald cut", which, however, is used not only to cut emeralds. And of course, often emeralds are cut differently.
The magical properties of the emerald are very unusual. For example, an emerald is considered a stone of wisdom, and adornments with this stone were worn by wise men, philosophers, people of science and all who placed the spiritual above the material. Maybe this belief is connected with Solomon, who was very honored by emeralds. Also, the emerald is considered a strong protective talisman, which will save from misfortunes at home and distant wanderings. And yet, surprisingly, it used to be believed that emeralds protect virginity. And if a virgin breaks her virginity, then her stone will split.
Healing properties of the emerald like many. Since ancient times, people believed that the emerald will save you from fever, epilepsy and even bites of snakes and scorpions. It is now believed that the emerald helps with insomnia (and even drives away bad dreams), reduces temperature and treats all kinds of inflammation, normalizes blood pressure and helps to defeat infections. And the green color of the emerald will calm and correct the sight.
Date of publication: 2017-04-11
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