Ruby gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Ruby gemstone
Ruby (anthrax, carbuncle, manic, ratnanyana, yakhont, lal, noble red corundum) is a precious stone, whose fame does not even need to be told. Ruby - one of the most beautiful and expensive gemstones, but it is worth its price, and it is not for nothing that many famous historical personalities valued rubies above other stones.
Ruby has a lot of names, and each of them can tell something about this amazing precious stone. For example, the name "anthrax" from the Greek translates as "burning coal", and the Latin "carbuncle" means the same thing, and such names are given to rubies for their hot bright colors, which it seems really can be burned. In Sanskrit, ruby has two greatest and truly royal names, which speak for themselves - ratnanyana ("leader of the gems") and "manicia" ("king of the gems"). The Persians gave an unusual name to the Persians, they called this precious stone "samaj-asmur", which means "reflecting the plague" (in the East they believed that rubies cure epilepsy and plague). In Russia, the ruby was affectionately called "yakhont" or "lal" (however, by these names all red precious stones were meant in general).
The very word "ruby" comes from the Latin "rubeus", and it is simply translated "red". This name was given to ruby mineralogist Valerius, and, by the way, not so long ago - only in 1747. Rubies are classified as corundum, among which this stone stands out prominently, so that even often it is called "noble red corundum".
The fact that rubies were highly valued is indicated, at least, by the fact that these precious stones received even their own personal names. For example, the famous oriental scholar Biruni talks about the ruby "Jabal" ("Mountain"). Famous is the Rubin of Timur, on which the names of the rulers of Timurids and Tamerlane are carved, and the "Ruby of the Black Prince" (although later it became known that the last two stones were not real rubies, which had a bad effect on the glory of rubies).
Yes, at the present time the glory of the ruby is undermined. First of all, people learned how to make artificial synthetic rubies, which are almost impossible to distinguish from real stones. However, the beauty of rubies still attracts the attention of many people.
The best rubies are stones of pure red color (such rubies are called "pigeon blood") and rubies with the effect of asterism (stellar effect).
The magical properties of the ruby are simply magnificent. Since ancient times it was believed that this precious stone makes the owner strong and brave (as the ancient magicians assured, because the ruby consists of the dragon's blood), helps strengthen the power and strengthen the influence on people. In India, they believed that the ruby - a clot of fire, a powerful energy that feeds the carrier of the stone. It is also believed that the ruby is able to inspire a person to great achievements and increase sexual energy.
Rubies also have excellent healing properties. From the earliest times it was believed that ruby could cure epilepsy and even plague. Now it is believed that rubies feed the human body with energy and allow it to cope with many wits, even with very strong ones. They also believed that ruby could save poison from poisoning and warn about the future problems with health by changing color. Modern healers claim that rubies effectively cure diseases of the blood, joints and spine. Also ruby has a positive effect on the nervous system and can relieve depression and other mental disorders.
Date of publication: 2017-04-14
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