Opal gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Opal gemstone
Opal (noble opal, cracks, harlequin, gazazol, royal opal, hydrophan, hyalite) is a very unusual mineral.
Surprisingly, opal is translated from Sanskrit ("upala") and means "precious stone" (or "gem"). So opal can honestly admit that it is a real gem. Even by name.
First of all, the unusuality of this gemstone is that some opals can absorb water, and then, when the water evaporates, the opal crackles. That's why this stone in ancient times called "cod". The second unusuality of opal lies in the fact that there are so many varieties of this stone that a simple enumeration of them will suffice for a whole book. However, scientists decided to break all the opals into the main subgroups in order to somehow classify this unusual gem.
Among the huge variety of opals, only the so-called "noble opals" are valued by jewelers. Such stones are distinguished by a characteristic color play - opalescence. The most beautiful and expensive are black opals. And the most unusual noble opals are "harlequins." Harlequin is an opal with a mottled mosaic pattern that flashes in a variety of colors: red, yellow, blue and green. Pale-milky opal with blue patches of light or colorless opal with red patches is called "gazazol" ("dzhirazol"), which translates from Italian as "sun-rotation". Tsar's name is opal with a dark red, purple (less often bronze) center and a bright green border. Also interesting are hydrophanes - opals, which, when placed in water, become translucent. Colorless opal, like a glass called "hyalit." Also there are noble white, fire opals, chrysopals (green opals). And many others.
Opal is a precious stone that requires special attention. Loss of water, contact with various oils and fats can lead to the fact that the stone will lose its unusual shine - opalescence. To avoid this, it is necessary to protect the opal from contact with cosmetics and periodically lower opal into the water.
Since ancient times, opal has been highly valued by people. And this is often used by various swindlers and rogues, handing out fakes made of glass for opals. However, it is very difficult to create a complex play of light (opalescence) of real opal even in the present conditions.
One very unusual story is associated with opal. The fact is that somewhere in the middle of the XIX century the demand for opals sharply decreases. And it happened because ... of the novel by V. Scott "Karl the Bold, or Anna Geyershteinskaya, the maiden of darkness", in which one noble opal is mentioned. And although in the mysterious history of the author opal is not served as a negative hero, nevertheless the female society penetrates this precious stone with a negative, and opals are out of fashion.
However, not for long. Now opal again very much. And this unusually beautiful stone can not leave anyone indifferent.
And some opals became even world-famous gemstones.
The magical characteristics of opal are also varied, as are the types of this stone. Due to the abundance and variety of colors, opal is considered to be a symbol of impermanence from time immemorial. And at the same time this precious stone is a symbol of pure thoughts. And in India people believe that opal is a stone of love, faith and compassion. Or in some European countries opal symbolizes hope, happiness and love. It is believed that opal aggravates intuition, helps to remember the past, effectively disperses negative energy, helps to find inspiration, promotes the establishment of relations between people. In ancient times, opal was considered a talisman of soldiers - he kept his owner in battle and gave him good luck. And in the nobility, opal foreshadowed unhappiness.
But the healing properties of opal cover a very wide range of effects. Opal calms the nerves and softens the stressful bursts, restores visual acuity and helps with various heart diseases. In addition, opal harmonizes the whole human body and protects against various infectious diseases.
Date of publication: 2017-04-14
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