Agate gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Agate gemstone
Agate (owl eye, spectacle agate, dendrite, bastion agate, frosty agate, rainbow agate, cloud agate, flaming agate, swallow) is one of the most amazing gemstones, although it is only a kind of spread jewel quartz. First of all, because of the specific layered structure. And the drawing of these strips (and they are concentric or linear) sometimes creates amazing pictures. But more on that later.
Agate is known to mankind for a long time. And at all times this stone was appreciated by people. And according to one of the versions the name of the stone comes from the Greek word ahates, which in translation means "happy". True, according to another version, the name came from the Sicilian river Akhates, where agates were long ago mined, but I think the fans of this stone will prefer the first version.
The color range of the stone is very diverse - from white and yellow to green and black (now black agates have become especially popular). And very often the color of the strips even in one stone can be quite different. There are, for example, specimens with concentric colored layers similar to the eye (they are even called respectively "owl eye", "eyeball" or "spectacle agate"). In such agates, with a width of only 1 cm, there may be about 7,000 different layers. Of course, such an amount of layers and colors can not be seen with the naked eye, however, these stones look very impressive and beautiful.
Sometimes, many layers of agate are added to patterns and even paintings. The pattern on the stone, reminiscent of forest thickets, is highly valued by the inhabitants of the East. They even came up with a separate name for similar stones - moss agate. Agates with a tree-like pattern are called dendrites or dendritic stones (from the Greek dendron is translated as "tree"). Alternatively, the picture can appear as if from a fog - such stones are called "frosty agates". Also sometimes the layers form something similar to the ancient map of some fortress - it is the fortress, fortification and bastion agate. Also there are other varieties of agate - cloudy, rainbow, fiery and others.
However, this is only an approximate separation. After all, each pattern of each individual agate is unique. For example, the ancient Greek historian Pliny tells of an agate stone, named "Pyrrhus stone", in patterns of which one could see a painting with Apollo and nine muse. And some varieties of agate got their separate names, no less famous, for example, onyx or sardonyx.
Even in ancient times agate cut out cameos - drawings with convex images. And the masters used the natural pattern of agate so that it favorably emphasized the picture that the artist depicted. Agate was made and intaglios - stones with a carved pattern, used as a seal. Cameos and intaglios were very popular among the nobility, and some were even framed with diamonds or other very expensive stones.
And yet, despite the above, agate is a fairly inexpensive stone. Maybe because of the prevalence.
However, agate is highly valued and as a magic stone. The Romans considered agate to be the stone of the fertility goddess Pomona and placed agate balls in gardens and vegetable gardens to increase the yield. Indians call agate a stone of prosperity, and in Europe agate has long been considered (and is still considered) a symbol of health and longevity.
In India and Georgia, until now, babies are hanging an agate bead to protect them from the evil eye. And eye eyelets are preferred.
Another agate effectively protects the owner from negative energy attacks and even from "energy vampirism". True, sometimes you need to "clean" and the stone itself from the excess of negative energy. But for this it is enough to just hold agate in cold water.
Agate even helps to cope with fears and achieve sporting success, and according to some beliefs it will save from lightning and earthquake.
Also, agate makes its owners enjoyable in communication, and men are also attractive to women.
Finally, there is one very interesting legend connected with agate. During the fall to hell in Satan from his crown fell a large stone - agate. From this agate was later made the cup, which collected the blood of Jesus Christ. That is, it turns out that the mystical bowl of the Grail is made of agate. It is clear why Satan is not indifferent to the Grail - he only tries to return the stone to his crown.
Date of publication: 2016-04-01
Share useful information with friends and family: