Aventurine gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Aventurine gemstone
Aventurine (iskryannik, zlatoiskr, gold stone, Indian jade) - a kind of precious stone quartz . The spectrum is wide enough stone colors - from yellow, green and blue to almost black and cherry. The main difference between aventurine - specks of mica flakes, goethite, hematite and other constituents. Also aventurine rock characterized by the presence of small cracks, filled with iron hydroxides. As a result, the stone has a sparkling, golden sheen and a soft shimmering sheen (hence the name - "zlatoiskr", "iskryannik").
This stone has been known for a long time. Even the ancient Egyptians tried to artificially create Aventurine glass with splashes of sequins. And they have it pretty well. However, in Europe the secret manufacture was known only in the XVI century, and even then quite by accident (Venetian glassmakers dropped a little copper filings in the molten glass). Because of this quirk of fate the Italians called "avventura" stone, which means "in case".
The name stuck. Although, for example, Americans are called Aventurine "Colorado gold stone", the Chinese respectfully called "imperial stone" and consider this mineral sacred, but the Indians did not philosophize and simple (but proud) named "Indian jade ".
Aventurine is well polished and use it quite extensively. In Russia avatyurina made vases, candleholders, decorated handles of knives and forks. The English made large rings on the back side which at times hiding a miniature portrait. And the Chinese have used for the manufacture Aventurine Imperial Seal.
Now Aventurine is the production of necklaces, bracelets, pendants, cufflinks, small carvings and even massage balls. The current prices for the precious stone is not very high.
Date of publication: 2016-04-01
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