Pearl gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Pearl gemstone
Pearls (pearl, margaritas, pearls, skaten, burmitskoe kafimskoe or grain) - one of the most unusual and unique properties of gemstones.
Pearls - a gem of organic origin (this group includes jet , coral , amber ).
Because pearls - is a waste product of shellfish (mussels and oysters). The appearance we owe the fact that sometimes pearl mussels get foreign bodies (grains of sand). That is, the presence of pearls in a shell - it is rather an accident or a mistake of nature.
So, is the sink to the mollusk to get foreign body as it begins to be deposited aragonite , and, overlapping layer upon layer, the pearl begins to grow. However, this process is very slow. To reach the size of a pea, pearl must lie in the sink for twelve years.
In addition, it does not always turn out the pearl round, sometimes aragonite forms a grain of sand on a variety of bizarre growths.
However, highly valued only perfectly round pearl.
In addition, pearls and have another unique feature - they are timeless action. Over time, pearls darkens and loses its shine (they say - "sick"), and after one and a half or two hundred years, pearls and all black.
And found in the tombs of ancient gems and all fell apart at the first touch.
Even the pearls do not measure the weight in carats, and pearl of the (0, 05 grams or a quarter of a carat).
The color of the pearls can be white, yellow, blue, red and black. Pearl is freshwater and marine.
One of the largest to date, pearls has a weight of 1800 Grand Prix, and its length - 51 mm.
Some pearls even got their own names, and hit the list of the most famous gemstones .
All kinds of jewelry made of pearls do not make the world, and in Russia there is even a special art - sewing pearls.
Pearl is known to mankind from very ancient times, and even more - in the XIII century, the Chinese cultivated pearls are artificial - they opened the flaps shells and placed there a grain of sand or small Buddha images. And in the XVI century, already being created artificial pearls (pearls made out of coral and hematite, glass, pearl pastes and other materials). Now, in many countries arranged special pearl farm, where they grow pearl (the technology is about the same as that used Chinese).
Due to the large number of artificial pearls prices for this precious stone fell significantly, but high-quality pearls with brilliant luster and perfect shape is still very expensive.
Magic properties attributed pearls are very diverse. The Chinese believe pearl elixir of youth, in Mongolia using pearl determines the presence of poison in the wine, Hindus believe that pearls bring welfare and prosperity. In Europe, the pearl symbolizes longevity. And yet it is believed that the contemplation of pearls brings peace and peace of mind.
Medicinal properties of the pearls at all surprising. Avicenna refers to the beneficial effects of pearls on the human body. Pearl helps with diseases of the digestive system, kidneys and liver. Tibetan medicine refers to the fact that pearls copes with nervous system disorders and memory loss. Even there is a special "bubble water" (water in which overnight put the pearls). Pearl water has anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and krovevosstanavlivayuschimi properties.
Another believed that pearls are very well helps with various eye diseases.
And science proved that pearls darkening may indeed be associated with any of the owner's disease. Pearls are truly able to respond to changes in the spectrum of chemical substances secreted by the skin.
Date of publication: 2016-04-05
Share useful information with friends and family: