Nephrite gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Nephrite gemstone
Nephrite (jade, kidney stone) is a hard and viscous stone of green (most often dark green, less often grassy-green) or white with a characteristic oil shine and wax translucence.
Previously, confused nephrite with jade. However, they are really very similar (both of these stones were called jades before).
A unique feature of nephrite is that if it is hit, it emits a melodic sound. Among stones this is a very rare property. It is thanks to this feature, and appeared in China, a unique tool "Kin", which is made from nephrite (according to the principle of work, the famous xylophone reminds everyone).
The Chinese are not indifferent to nephrite and to this day. They call it "The Stone of Earth and Heaven", "eternal stone", "stone of tranquility". They literally deified him. Only in China could there be a treatise on nephrite, consisting of 100 volumes, in which there were 700 color illustrations (and this is in the 12th century!). A distinguish this jade from other stones in that it has some transparency - looked through the stone into the fire, and if the light passed through the stone, then it is precisely jade.
However, not only the Chinese treated with reverence for nephrite. In the East, jade has always been an expensive stone. Indians of both Americas preferred nephrite to gold. And many other peoples also treasured this precious stone. Even the Queen of Great Britain Victoria had a nephrite scepter of magnificent carving (sent, however, by the Chinese emperor).
The strength of nephrite has long been known. Even the ancient people made jade axes, knives and arrowheads. Even the name of the nephrite was - "a stone of axes". Later, the Chinese made jade coins, special labels for imperial envoys, various carvings, rings (the strength of jade is twice as high as that of steel).
Nephrite has indisputable healing properties, which is why it got its name (nephros - from the Greek "kidney"). The conquistadors called nephrite - the "stone of the waist". Applied to the stomach, nephrite acts more efficiently than the warmer, thanks to its high heat capacity.
And the emperors of China made themselves nephrite cushions, believing that the stone will retain vitality and youth. In addition, even in the thick of the cushion of nephrite kept cool.
Even the alchemists respected nephrite, considering it an invariable attribute of the elixir of immortality.
It is now generally accepted that nephrite is a stone of change. Nephrite will help those who are going to change their lives, or at least try to get out of the usual life stalemate.
Date of publication: 2017-04-12
Share useful information with friends and family: