Aquamarine gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Aquamarine gemstone
Gemstone aquamarine (noble beryl) is a kind of transparent beryl. The name "aquamarine" is translated from Latin as "sea water".
Indeed, the color of the aquamarine reminds one of the color of sea water. Although there are aquamarines and other shades - green, blue, yellow, golden and even pink. And the color saturation can be increased in the evening or artificial lighting. Or it may vary depending on the angle of view (which is very important to consider when cutting a gemstone). Some aquamarines are also heat-treated to make them more beautiful (or even change their color altogether). In addition, aquamarines can sometimes lose color when exposed to the sun for a long time (color fastness can also be enhanced by heat treatment - heating the aquamarine to 500 degrees).
There are also aquamarines with a transient color - for example, with a yellow center and blue edges or blue in the center and greenish along the edges.
In Brazil, aquamarines of unusual blue and sapphire color are mined, which are called maxix-acquamarines (Maxix is the name of the mine).
Sometimes, aquamarines contain inclusions - "snow signs" or they are also called "chrysanthemums".
Often an aquamarine can be confused with blue topaz or synthetic quartz.
In nature, aquamarines may reach very large sizes. The record belongs to a Brazilian stone, which weighs just over 110 kilograms and is 48.5 cm long. Part of this aquamarine is kept in the New York Museum, while the rest is sawn into separate stones. And the Kremlin's Armory contains a 30-centimeter scepter of Polish King Stanislav, which was cut from a solid aquamarine.
The price of an aquamarine increases with the color saturation of the stone. The most expensive and rare are blue aquamarines. The price ranges from 80 to 150 dollars per 1 carat depending on the purity and size of the stone. Aquamarines of bright blue color are highly valued. Their price is from 40 to 100 dollars per carat. The cheapest aquamarines with a greenish tint are from $5 to $50 per carat. But often greenish aquamarines are irradiated or incinerated to remove the greenish hue. Bad quality aquamarine beads can be purchased for $100-300.
The aquamarine has long been considered a strong magical amulet. The sailors used to make amulets and talismans out of aquamarine to keep them on the road. There was also a belief that the aquamarine protects its owner from various dangers and deception, makes its owners reasonable and gives courage. In addition, this gem quenches the heat of emotions and suppresses anger.
However, the aquamarine can also direct its magic against its owner if he wants to deceive someone or commit a dishonest act. It is not without reason that the aquamarine is considered a symbol of justice.
It is also believed that an aquamarine can change its color depending on the owner's mood or the environment. When all is well, the aquamarine will shine a pure blue color, and before the rage, during a bad mood, or when the owner is threatened with any danger, the aquamarine will warnly start to blur and dark.
Also, the aquamarine has long been used for medicinal purposes. It was believed that this stone strengthens the immunity of the whole body, helps with skin diseases and toothache, and stimulates liver function. In addition, it is believed that aquamarine effectively copes with marine disease.