Turquoise gemstoneHome ➤ Encyclopedia of gems ➤ Turquoise gemstone
Turquoise (Aztec stone, Oriental stone, the stone of heaven, kalchihyuitl, kallais) - one of the most unusual gems.
Turquoise is known to mankind for a long time - not less than five thousand years, but in every nation for its attitude to this stone, sometimes just the opposite value of the stone in other nations.
The name "turquoise" is derived either from the Persian "Firuza" which means "stone of happiness", or from Persian as "piroz", which in turn means "stone of victory." In another version of the name "turquoise" comes from the Assyrian word "Birut?". While other peoples turquoise was known by other names. For example, the Aztec Indians appreciated turquoise - "kalchihyuitl", as they called this gem, and thought it was the petrified tears of the goddess of the sky (for turquoise and sometimes called the "Aztec stone"). The ancient Romans also called turquoise "kallais". But the French and turquoise still called "Turkish stone."
Turquoise has always been some special stone for many nations and often this jewel attached any special significance. For example, in ancient Persia it was believed that turquoise - the bones of people who died from love. And there believed turquoise talisman of love. Turquoise The Aztecs also considered a stone of love, but it was still a stone of health and prosperity. And now for the Indians of Mexico turquoise was a symbol of the war.
The color turquoise is from blue to greenish. Moreover, Turquoise blue is considered to be "young" and green - the "old".
In ancient times, turquoise was a very expensive jewel. It is often used for jewelry, and carved turquoise talismans and sacred animals. In Egypt, turquoise cut image of a scarab, which was the symbol of peace. Indians carved figures of animals made of turquoise, turquoise encrusted ritual masks. On East Turquoise highly valued and from manufactured talismans and amulets, and also cut animal figurines.
Today, turquoise is not so highly regarded, but this gem was no less popular. However, long ago learned to fake turquoise (turquoise imitations among the most famous is stone howlite ), which is also strongly affected the attitude of people to this gem.
And yet, it is considered the most beautiful turquoise, produced in Khorasan (Iran). A minus turquoise is that over time, the color of turquoise can fade, especially with frequent exposure to soap, alcohol, fatty creams.
But a lot of interest in turquoise magical and medicinal properties.
The magical properties of turquoise. As mentioned above, in the East Turquoise is considered a symbol of love. Also, many people believed that turquoise - stone of good luck and victory. Another turquoise recognized a very strong amulet and talisman. In the Middle Ages it was believed that turquoise attracts its owner's financial success. But turquoise - stone for strong people who are not afraid to take risks and aim for victory in all endeavors.
The healing properties of turquoise. Since ancient times it was believed that turquoise is able to warn his master of impending health problems - in this case, the color begins to pale turquoise. It is also believed that turquoise eases headaches, strengthens eyesight and relieves insomnia.